A capsule history of online news and information systems
by David Carlson
© 1999-2009 All Rights Reserved

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The 1960s

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969
Year U.K. U.S. & Canada Europe Asia/Other
1961   The computer industry has its first billion dollar year. An estimated 9,300 systems now exist world wide.    
1962   Medlars, the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, one of the world's first computerized information services, opens in the U.S.    
  U.S. Air Force contracts with Rand Corp. to study computer networking for defense purposes.    
1963   Ted Nelson, an author and futurist, coins the word "hypertext."    
1965   The word "hypertext" first appears in print in a Vassar College newspaper article about a lecture by Nelson. The date was Feb. 3.    
1967   Development of Arpanet, forerunner of the Internet, begins with U.S. Defense Department funding.    
  Ted Nelson chooses "Xanadu" as the name for a concept of deep-linking hypertext. It is said to be the inspiration for LotusNotes, Hypercard and the World Wide Web.    
1969   Dialog, an online database provider, is launched in Palo Alto, Calif., by Lockheed Corp with a single database. By 1982 it grows to 200 databases containing over 70 million records.    
  Arpanet, forerunner of the modern Internet, begins operation, connecting three universities in California and one in Utah.    
  CompuServe Information Service launches in Columbus, Ohio, as a computer time-sharing service.    
1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969

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