Brown Decision

	The 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision declared that a 

  classification based solely on race  violated the 14th Amendment to 
  the United States Constitution.  The decision reversed the 1896 Plessy

  v. Ferguson ruling which had established the separate-but-equal doctrine.

  The Brown decision more than any other case launched the "equalitarian 

  revolution" in American jurisprudence and signaled the emerging primacy

  of equality as a guide to constitutional decisions; nevertheless, 

  the decision did not end state sanctioned segregation.  Indeed, 

  the second Brown decision, known as Brown II and delivered a year later,

  played a decisive role in limiting the effectiveness and impact of 

  the 1954 case by providing southern states with the opportunity to delay

  the implementation of desegregation.


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