The 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision declared that a classification based solely on race violated the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution. The decision reversed the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson ruling which had established the separate-but-equal doctrine. The Brown decision more than any other case launched the "equalitarian revolution" in American jurisprudence and signaled the emerging primacy of equality as a guide to constitutional decisions; nevertheless, the decision did not end state sanctioned segregation. Indeed, the second Brown decision, known as Brown II and delivered a year later, played a decisive role in limiting the effectiveness and impact of the 1954 case by providing southern states with the opportunity to delay the implementation of desegregation.
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