What follows is a very brief history of coffee:

Coffee was first discovered in Ethiopia around 1,000 years ago. However, it was not brewed as a drink but rather, a food source to energize warriors of the tribes. Shortly after, the beans were exported by Arab traders and a drink was made by boiling the beans. By the 1500's century, coffee had taken on a great importance in societies that used it. It was considered both a social and religious necessity. Turkish law allowed a woman to divorce her husband if she was not provided with enough coffee.

Coffee spread to Europe and the Western nations in the 1600’s by way of Venetian merchants. Louis XIV was given a coffee tree in 1714. Coffee became a patriotic drink in America in 1773. This was due to patriots seeking to avoid imported tea.

Instant coffee was created at the turn of the century and brought coffee from shops to homes. Coffee reached a boom in popularity when prohibition banned alcohol.

In 1971, Starbucks opened their first store in Seattle. This brought about a whole new way to look at the coffee industry as it related to mass consumption. Another new issue in the coffee market is Fair Trade Coffee and Organic coffee.

(Source:The Coffee Book)