Industry Facts

Before giving birth, female dairy animals are called "heifers" or "calves." The name "cow" is used after females give birth.

As stated by the National Milk Producers Federation, cows give birth to one calf each year. This frequent impregnation is required for constant milk production. The birth of a cow's first calf generally occurs at the time that the cow is about two years of age. Each year, the U.S. produces the following dairy products:

According to, a Web site managed by the Cattlemen's Beef Board, the American dairy industry is directly related to the veal industry. This is because, as mentioned above, dairy cows are impregnated yearly so that they continually produce milk. The resulting female calves become dairy cows while the male calves, or "bulls," are sold to veal farmers.

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