The population of Honduras in general, with 46 people per square kilometer, is comparatively low for population density, especially when compared to countries in the west. But uneven distribution has contributed to overpopulation in certain areas. The nation's second-largest and least-populated area, Gracias a Dios, had a population density of only 2.5 inhabitants per square kilometer in 1989. Honduras's only densely populated lowland area is the Rio Ulua valley. In 1989, the department of Cortes, on the west bank of the Rio Ulua, had a population density of 188 inhabitants per square kilometer.

Honduras is the only nation in Central America with an urban population distributed between two large centers. Other Central American capitals are home to more than 50 percent of their countries' urban populations. Tegucigalpa's percentage of total urban population is considerably lower.

The official language of Honduras is Spanish, and the predominant religion is Roman Catholicism, more than four-fifths of the population being adherents. The largest of the remaining groups are Protestant, with famous congregations in the east and on the Bay Islands.

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