Wales Welsh Flag Wales is it's own country to that is bordered by England to its East and the Irish Sea to the West. It has a population of around 3 million people. Its capital city of Cardiff located in the South of the country, its second largest city is Swansea. Rugby is Wales' national sport, and is a source for national pride. Wales has its own language known as Welsh which is used nationwide, it is used primarily in the North and Western parts of the country, approximately 21% of the nation speaks Welsh. The Welsh language is an extremely interesting one indeed. Every sign in the country of Wales has directions in both Welsh and English, here is an example of the Welsh Language. The Longest Word in the Welsh Language. Quick Fun Facts about Wales In, 1804, the world's first railway steam locomotive,"The Iron Horse", launched on its inaugural journey from Penydarren to Abercynon in Glamorgan. Bangor-on-Dee, in Wrexham has the oldest Monastery in Britain, founded 560. Wales in Welsh is, "Cymru". The official animal of Wales is the Dragon-it appears on their flag. The population of Sheep in Wales is four times greater than humans in Wales. The letters K,Q,V and Z do not appear in the Welsh alphabet at all. Wales is believed to have more castles per square mile than anywhere else in the world.