The Crochet Factory: How to Crochet

Understanding Patterns

By Monica Kelly

Crochet patterns can be a little overwhelming if you do not understand the lingo. There are differnent abbreviations and symbols for thread, hooks and directions on crochet patterns.

Abbreviations for instruction were made to save space. Some of them are common sense, but others are little more tricky to understand. As you get better, it will be easier to remember the common ones, but most beginners and intermediates need a reference.

Table of Abbrevation Meanings

It is also vital to know what certain symbols mean. These are the most common symbols accrording to the Craft Yarn Council of America: Chart Symbols

Another useful trick to understanding crochet patterns is knowning the type and weight of your material. Crochet can be done using many different kinds of yarns or threads from wool to lace. The key to understanding what type of yarn or thread is suitable for your pattern, you have to understand weight categories.

Variations of Material

The last thing that is important in understanding crochet patterns is knowing the different parts and sizes of hooks. Most hooks are made of metal, but they can also be made from plastic or even glass. They come in different sizes to suit the project you are working on. Knowing your hook is just as important as knowing your material.

The parts of a hook are as follows:

Hook Diagram

Hooks are categorized by the size of the thickness of their shafts.The thicker and longer the shaft, the looser the stitches and vice versa. It is also important to know the width between the smallest part of the throat and the bottom of the point. The bigger the space between the thinnest part of the throat and the point, the thicker the material it can hold.

Hooks are sized using either a letter from B to S or a number between 1 and 15, inclusive.

Hook Sizes