Repentance means turning 180 feets away from sin to walk toward God. It includes an examination of our lives and our actions in light of God's grace and love, which comes to us free and undeserved through Christ's death and resurrection.
Repentance therefore also means returning to our Baptism, that occasion when we were washed of sin, joined to God in Christ and received the Holy Spirit.
Fasting comes to us from Judaism and was recommended by Jesus both in example and teaching (Luke 4:2). It is a practice that is designed to strengthen the spiritual life by weakening one's attractions to pleasures of the senses. Thus fasting is always coupled with prayer and spiritual preparation.
Since ancient times, the entire season of Lent has been marked by fasting and abstinence. Fridays in particular have been a special day of fasting because of it being the day of Christ's death.
Fasting does not necessarily mean giving up all food for a day. More frequently it is the giving up or limiting of a particular food such as sweets, desserts, chocolate, butter, fat, eggs, etc.
Prayer may generally be described as that activity in which we are drawn closer to God in contemplation and communication. Prayer is our half of a conversation with God. That means that prayer is not only speaking, but listening as well.
It helps to have a consistent time and a quiet place for prayer, although prayer can happen anytime and anywhere.
The intention of this part of the Lenten Discipline is to connect our faith in God's love for us with actions that are loving of others in the world.
Love is why Christ came. It is also the reason why Christ died. Love is why God raised him from the dead. Finally, Love is the whole purpose and mission of the Church and of every Christian member: to show God's love in the world.
This a short video from Romereports.com on how to get ready for Lent.