Fillings

Creams

Cream fillings are usually something along the lines of a custard or a pudding. In their most basic form, they consist of some type of dairy, flour and eggs. Most of them require some sort of thickener, either in the form of cornstarch or instant tapioca. People with dairy issues should steer clear of these types of pies, as they often have high lactose contents.

Pies with cream fillings include:Key Lime Pie, Custard Pie, Ice Cream Pie (a non-baked, frozen pie, generally made with a graham cracker crust,) Banana Pie, Chocolate Pie, Pumpkin Pie and Lemon-meringue Pie.

Fruit

TThere are many types of fruit fillings that you can include in your pies. It's important to think about the produce that you're using when making a fruit filling. Buying local and organic fruit can really make a difference in the health value of your pie, as well as its taste. Jessica Garcia, a volunteer at Citizen's Co-Op, a grocery store dedicated to carrying locally-grown, organic foods, says buying locally grown produce will just taste better, "because if it's local, it's in season and it's fresh and not processed." By buying fresh, local, organic fruits, you're avoiding pesticides, and lessening your carbon footprint. Garcia says that you should try to include locally-grown, organic food in all of your cooking, because it's more self-sefficient. So, when selecting the fruit for your pie, don't be afraid to buy from your local farmer's market! Just because the apples aren't as red as the waxy ones at the grocery store doesn't mean they're not good, because as Garcia said, "fruits aren't meant to look perfect, they're grown outside darnit!"

Pies with fruit fillings include: Apple Pie, Peach Pie, Blueberry Pie, Cherry Pie, Bumbleberry (also called Jumbleberry sometimes) Pie, Fig Pie, Strawberry Pie, Raspberry Pie and Rhubarb Pie.

Nuts

From what I've found, most nut pies are pretty similar in the sense that they consist of two things: nuts and some sort of sticky, gooey mixture. These mixtures are similar to the cream fillings, but they aren't as smooth and are more on the side of fudge-like. In fact, there are many recipes that call for chocolate or caramel. Like the fruit pies, it's also important to think about the nuts you're buying and make sure that they are fresh. It's also important to make sure that when making a nut filling, to wait until the pie cools to cut it so that it keep its candy-like texture.

Pies with nut fillings include: Pecan Pie, Walnut Pie, Hazelnut Pie and Chocolate Peanut Butter Pie.

Meats

Meat fillings are the most traditional options for your pies. Portable and convenient, they're like having a meal in a Tupperware, except you can eat the Tupperware. There's a great variety of meat fillings, some are cream and include vegetables, some are spicy and are mostly meat. There are chicken fillings, pork fillings, steak fillings and fillings that are a combination of meats. While a simple idea for a meal, it's important to be sure that your meat is fully cooked when serving your pie to avoid causing yourself and others to become sick.

Pies with meat fillings include: Shepherd's Pie, Steak and Kidney Pie, Pork Pie, Chicken and Mushroom Pie, Pot Pie and Bacon and Egg Pie.

Vegetables

A healthier alternative to the meat fillings are vegetable fillings. Very similar to quiches, vegetable pies tend to consist of vegetables and some sort of cream or egg. Again, it is important to think about what vegetables you are using and where you get them. This type of filling is a very practical one, because it can be served both hot or cold. Vegetable pies make good portable lunches when you may not have access to a microwave or oven.

Pies with vegetable filling include: Some types of Shepherd's Pie, Eggplant Torte, Sweet Potato Pie and Spinach Pie.