Current Work

Doctoral Dissertation


An image representing what BIM is A building information model or BIM may be described as a virtual depiction of the physical and functional aspects of a facility serving as a shared resource of information for different stakeholders throughout its lifecycle (NIST 2007). Similarly, virtual design and construction (VDC) may be defined as the integrated process of designing and constructing buildings in the virtual world to foresee potential conflicts in the physical world through the application and support of a BIM (Kunz and Fischer 2009). Despite the many perceived benefits of using these processes, several studies have shown that their rate of adoption in the AEC industry still seems to vary greatly among stakeholders and in the different phases of a project's lifecycle. While BIM implementation in the design and construction phases has evolved dramatically in recent years, as an industry we are still a long way from achieving a "mature" life-cycle oriented BIM standard which utilizes the model post construction for facilities management and operations and maintenance.


Driven by the knowledge that BIM may result in fewer conflicts and improved coordination, many potential owners are now mandating that BIM be utilized on their new construction projects. However, the change in traditional processes associated with BIM’s utilization is often new to them.

As a result:


This research will evaluate the maturity of BIM processes among building owners currently requiring BIM, who may play a vital role in setting the pace and level of detail of the BIM model. It is hypothesized that an owner’s specific requirements for the model and their complexity will dictate the maturity of the resulting BIM-assisted project.

First, a survey will be conducted to determine the proportion of building owners, both public and private, who are requiring BIM. Then using a sample of owners’ BIM requirement documentation from the survey popullation it will analyze what BIM requirements are being set forth and if those requirements are indeed being met. Based on this analysis, a maturity index will be created which ranks the BIM proficiency of an owner. The index will then be tested using three case studies to determine if owners with higher maturity rankings produce more satisfactory/successful BIM projects


Kunz, J. and Fischer, M. (2009)."Virtual design and construction themes, case studies and implementation suggestions." CIFE Technical reports: (Dec 4, 2010).

NIST. (2007). "National Building Information Modeling Standard - Version 1.0 - Part 1: Overview, principles and Methodologies": National Institute of Building Sciences.