gainesville's brew

coffee literature

coffeehouse dictionary

Because the coffee world seems to have its own vocabulary, we've decided to include a reference guide to some of the words that are used in coffeehouses. You might be surprised that some of the words you use are not used correctly. You might even realize that some coffeehouses don't even use the terms correctly. This list is by no means exhaustive; it is merely a beginner's guide to coffeehouse jargon.

americano:

Short for Cafe Americano. This is espresso diluted with water. The term originated during WWII when American soldiers needed coffee but weren't used to the strong espresso in Europe.

barista:

A trained espresso bartender.

breve:

Ahort for caffe breve. Espresso with steamed half and half instead of milk.

double:

Two shots of espresso. Usually 2-3 ounces.

drip:

Short for drip coffee. Coffee brewed from a drip-coffee maker.

jacket:

A thin, cardboard wrap that fits around to-go cups so that you can grab the cup and not be burned. See sleeve.

latte:

Short for Cafe Latte, meaning coffee mixed with milk. This has come to mean espresso with steamed milk.

macchiato:

Short for caffe macchiato, meaning coffee with a mark or spot. Refers to espresso with a dollop of foam "marking" or "spotting" the surface.

mocha:

Short for Cafe Mocha. Today it refers to espresso with milk and chocolate.

red eye:

coffee with a shot of espresso in it. See shot in the dark.

ristretto:

A shorter, or "limited" shot of espresso. When espresso machines were run by a lever, this meant forcing the same amount of water through the same amount of espresso faster. This resulted in a bolder, more pronounced flavor. With today's automatic espresso machines, a ristretto means less water through the same amount of coffee.

roast:

Refers to the particular roast of a certain bean.

shot in the dark:

Coffee with a shot of espresso in it. See red eye.

single:

One shot of espresso. Usually 1 ounce.

skinny:

A beverage with non-fat milk.

sleeve:

A thin, cardboard wrap that fits around to-go cups so that you can grab the cup and not be burned. See jacket.

triple:

Three shots of espresso. Usually 3-4 ounces.

wet:

Steamed milk without foam.