Glossary
Basal Insulin
An administered insulin that is released in spurts throughout the day. This helps to keep glucose levels on target.
Blood Glucose
The amount of glucose or sugar present in the dog's system. A normal range is 80 to 120.
Bolus Insulin
An administered insulin that is given at meal times to counter balance the food being eaten.
Carbohydrates
These are the main factors that contribute to a high blood glucose reading. Carbs are sugars that have not yet been broken down within the body and once they are they turn into sugar.
Fasting Blood Sugar
When no food or liquid has been ingested for a 10 to 12-hour period and the blood glucose level is then checked.
Low Blood Glucose
Once the glucose leavel reaches any point from 79 and below. A low blood glucose should be monitored and treated to keep from going into diabetic shock or a comma.
Pancreas
The organ in both humans and animals that produces insulin.
Type I Diabetes
The pancreas produces no insulin and therefore insulin thereapy is required.
Type II Diabetes
Some insulin is produced in the sysytem but not enough to check glucose levels in check. Proper diet, exercise and weight-loss can manage the disease but Dr. Hiers said in dogs insulin is also usually required.