Once you have a grasp of the overall plot, you need to flesh the story out. Obviously if all you do is present the problem and then immediately solve it, the story will be rather boring. There are a nearly countless volume of tools you can use to add interest to your story. This page will present three relatively common ones; foreshadowing, plot twist, and descriptive writing.

Foreshadowing - Sometimes a character will say or do something to hint at events which will take place later in the story. This is called foreshadowing. Foreshadowing can be a clue purposely dropped by a character who somehow knows what's going to happen, or it can be an innocent event or remark that's significance is only made clear later. Either way, the act of leaving breadcrumbs for your reader to follow piques their curiosity and gives them an incentive to keep reading your story

Plot Twist - Things seem to be going well for the hero; he has finally avenged the death of his father, his love interest has accepted his proposal of marriage, and- wait a sec, did what's this? The hero's best friend just stabbing him in the shoulder! He orchestrated the father's murder and has been manipulating the hero the whole time! A plot twist is when the direction of the story suddenly takes an unexpected turn. There has been an event or revelation that changes the status quo dramatically. Where the story will go next is anyone's guess. Plot twists are very useful when applied properly. It is a very effective ploy for keeping your reader interested.

Descriptive Writing - One of the most important elements of storytelling is descriptive writing. This is the art of using words to appeal to the five senses. You as the writer know what the world of your story looks like, and can visualize it clearly. The same cannot be said for the reader. In order to transport the reader into your world and get them caught up in your story, the writer must use their words to transport the reader into the fictional world. Below is an example of descriptive narration.