What we know today as knitting actually started as a practice called Nalebinding where a needle made of an animal bone was used to tie several knots in a piece of yarn. The practice originated in colonial Europe and was first used to make body-specific items such as socks.
Types of Knitting
Today there are primarily two different types of knitting, weft knitting and warp knitting. Weft knitting makes horizontal rows of stitches and requires only one piece of yarn. Warp knitting requires a different yarn for each stitch and creates a vertical pattern of stitches. Today, weft knitting is mostly done by hand while warp knitting is done by machine.