Women and men in ancient Egypt were treated equally. Women were respected for their motherly and reproductive roles and central to the sustenance of society. Gods and goddesses were worshipped in separate temples, although goddesses were often shown as protectors of male deities in the form of lionesses, or shown with or as cobras or vultures (Stone 3). Isis, the symbolic mother goddess of ancient Egypt and her son Horus are often depicted as Osiris' protector, shown behind him as he sits on the throne.
The Egyptian alphabet was a visual one, based on symbols which each have a picture that represented a sound. It was based on 42 hieroglyphics, some of which were used interchangably. This written language was formed around 3100 BCE, the same time the Pharaohs began to rule, and it lasted until 400 CE, at which time Egypt adopted Coptic, a Greek-based alphabet, and then Arabic (Denault 5).
Ancient Egypt was not based on a set of strict religious beliefs, their ideology was more of a "cult" with regular "practices," duties performed to maintain the favor of the gods. These took place at centers of worship and focused on an "image" of the god, a statue to which they performed sacrifices and rites (Monet 1-5). More will be discussed about Egyptian beliefs concerning the soul and afterlife in the "Heaven" and "Underworld" sections.
Carpenter, Chris, Jennifer Taylor, Kathleen Strachan. "Geography and Agriculture: The Ancient Egyptian Culture Exhibit." Minnesota State University E-Museum. 2003. http://www.mnsu.edu/ emuseum/prehistory/egypt/dailylife/geographyandagricultre.html
Denault, Leight. "Life in Ancient Egypt: An Online Resource for Students." 2003. http://www.watson.org/~leigh/egypt.html
Gadalla, Moustafa. "Egyptians: The Most Religious." Tehuti Research Foundation. 2004. http://www.egypt-tehuti.org/religion.html
Monet, Jefferson. "Tour Egypt Feature: An Overview of the Ancient Egyptian Cult." InterCity Oz. 2003. http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/cults.htm
Stone, Barry. "The Deities of Egypt: History and Philosophy of the Ancient and Modern World." 2004. http://users.bigpond.net.au/bstone/egyptian_gods.htm