|Crisis Management Procedures|
What is Anthrax ?
Anthrax is a rapidly progressing acute infection caused by spore-forming bacteria called Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax most commonly occurs in warm-blooded animals, especially goats, cattle, and sheep, but it can also infect humans. Anthrax spores can survive many years in adverse conditions and still remain capable of causing disease. When inhaled by humans, these spores cause respiratory failure, leading to death within a week.
Where is anthrax found ?
Anthrax can be found anywhere, but countries that do not vaccinate their livestock, or have substandard public health programs are at a greater risk of spreading the disease.
How is anthrax transmitted ?
There are three forms of anthrax disease, varying by the route of infection. People can get anthrax through a break in the skin (cutaneous anthras), by eating inadequately cooked contaminated meat (gastrontestional anthrax), or by inhaling bacteria or spores (Inhaled anthrax). Inhailed anthrax does not typically spread from person to person. Weaponized anthrax could be used against people in almost any location, and in many different ways. The greatest threat with the most deadly consequences comes from inhaled anthrax.