The Lion-capital

Sarnath is an archaeological site north of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. Here, according to tradition, the Buddha first began teaching his followers.

The site contains a stupa (shrine) and the famous lion-capital memorial pillar, which was erected by the 3rd-century-BC Maurya emperor Ashok, and is now the state emblem of India. The `Ashok chakra (circle)' is found on the Indian flag.

The Indian flag