All India Radio
When India became independent, the AIR network had only six stations located at Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Madras, Lucknow and Tiruchirapalli with a total complement of 18 transmitters -- six on the medium wave and the remaining on short wave.
Radio listening on medium wave was confined to urban limits of these cities. As against a mere 2,75,000 receiving sets at the time of independence, there are about 111 million estimated radio sets in about 105 million radio households in the country. Now the broadcast scenario has drastically changed with 177 broadcasting centers, including 65 local radio Stations, covering nearly almost 100 percent of the country's population.
The News Services Division produces bulletins for listeners abroad, in 24 languages.
`Spotlight' in English and `Samayiki' in Hindi, broadcast everyday, deal with topical events/issues. The `Current Affairs' program is broadcast every Sunday, in which experts, eminent academicians, legislators and politicians express their views on national and international issues across the table. A similar program in Hindi entitled `Charcha ka Vishai Hai' is broadcast every Wednesday.
The composite news programs called `Samachar Prabhat' and `Morning News' in Hindi and English respectively, each of a duration of 15 minutes comprise a news bulletin, a commentary, and a look at the daily press in the capital. `Samachar Prabhat' and the `Morning News' are broadcast everyday at 8 a.m. and 8.15 a.m. respectively.
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