Nobody is Immune
"Spammers" often use creative, and often manipulative, methods of acquiring e-mail addresses.
Searching the Internet
The most obvious method is by searching the Internet for addresses. Search engines like Yahoo! and MSN Web Search contain public access "white pages." These searchable e-mail directories make it easy to acquire mass e-mail addresses.
Mailing Lists
" . . . sending Spam to mailing lists (public or private email discussion forums) is also popular. Because many mailing lists limit activity to their subscribers, 'Spammers' will use automated tools to subscribe to as many mailing lists as possible, so that they can grab the lists of addresses, or use the mailing list as a direct target for their attacks" (Mueller, et al).
Usenet Postings
"Spammers" often check Usenet postings. Most postings contain a return e-mail address for special replies and feedback.
Talented "Spammers" know how to steal user/member e-mail lists from ISP's ( and online e-mail companies (Yahoo! and
Web Pages
Almost everyone who "surfs" the web has a web page. Unfortunately, "Spammers" often scan web pages for e-mail addresses and contact information.
Chain E-mail
One of the most common and least considered methods of acquiring an extensive e-mail list is to send out chain e-mail. Typical chain e-mail messages persuade the recipient to forward the message to a certain number of people to win a contest or to avoid bad luck. Consequently, as more people forward the message, the address list grows (CAUCE).
Anti-Spam Web Sites
Recently, a number of "anti-Spam" web sites have flooded cyberspace. Some of them are not authentic. That is, "Spammers" actually post web sites claiming to be "anti-Spam" support groups or information providers. When a user submits their e-mail address to obtain more information, they are instantly added to a "Spam list."

Nobody is Immune

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