The Afro-American. [website]

Black Journalism Timeline. [website]

Black Press: Soldiers Without Swords Comprehensive Timeline. [website]

Brie, Henry. "A Survey of Black Newspapers in America." A publication of the University of Iowa Institute for Communication Research, 1979.

"Freedom's Journals: A History of the Black Press in New York State." An exhibition at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, 1986.

History of African-American Newspapers. [website]

Lottier, Pat (The Atlanta Tribune). E-mail interview, April 5, 1999.

Love, Richard (Long Beach (CA) Times). E-mail interview, March 16, 1999.

Lyle, Jack. The Black American and the Press. (Ward Ritchie Press: Los Angeles, 1968).

Pride, Armistead and Wilson, Clint. A History of the Black Press. (Howard University Press: Washington, D.C., 1997).

Ratcliff, Mary (The San Francisco Bay View Newspaper). E-mail interview, March 15, 1999.

"Sesquicentennial (1827-1977) Black Press Handbook." A publication of the National Newspaper Publishers Association, 1977.

Suggs, Henry Louis. PB Young: Newspaperman. (University Press of Virginia: Charlottesville, 1988).

Wolsely, Roland. The Black Press, USA. (Iowa State University Press, 1990).

Wright, Roosevelt (Monroe (LA) Free Press). E-mail interview, April 6, 1999.

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A Timeline of the Black Press
Definition of the Black Press
Old Soldiers, New Territory: Afro-Americ@
Old Soldiers, New Territory: The Indianapolis Recorder
New Challenges for New Frontiersman
Black Press Gallery