The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 is made up of four components:
1. Stronger Accountability for Results
Annual state and school district report cards are required to inform communities and parents about the progress that the school is making. Schools that do not make progress must take corrective actions and provide alternative services, such as free tutoring or after-school assistance. If they still do not make sufficient yearly progress after five years, the school must make changes in the way itís run.
2. More Freedom for States and Communities
States and school districts have been given more flexibility in the way they use federal education funds. This allows districts to use money for their particular needs, such as improving teacher training and professional development, hiring new teachers and increasing teacher pay.
3. Proven Education Methods
Federal funding is targeted to educational programs and teaching methods that work to improve student learning and achievement. Two programs that were invented were the Early Reading First program for children in preschool and the Reading First program for children in early grades.
4. More Choices for Parents
Parents are allowed to transfer their children to a better public school or public charter school in their district, if their childís school does not meet state standards for at least two consecutive years. The district must provide transportation (http://www.ed.gov/nclb/overview/intro/4pillars.html ).
Early Reading First
Early Reading First provides funds to local education agencies and public or private organizations for children from low-income families.
It is designed to create early childhood centers that prepare young children to enter kindergarten with the cognitive, language, and early reading skills they need to be successful in school.
Federal funds are given competitively to local programs by providing instruction and ongoing professional development.
Reading First is a nationwide effort to enable all students to become successful early readers.
It is designed to provide professional development for teachers using reading programs, and to ensure accountability through ongoing screening, diagnostic, and classroom-based assessment.
Funds are given to help states and local school districts establish high-quality, comprehensive reading instruction for children in kindergarten through third grade. (http://www.ed.gov/programs/readingfirst