1.    Early literacy is a mix of experiences that involves all five senses.
Early literacy tactics focus on a child’s developmental abilities and preparedness to acquire literacy skills. Activities not only include reading and exploring books, but also coloring, painting on the easel and construction and drama playing (Birken, 26).

Young boy reading

3.     In the United States, only 3-5% of children are able to read
        phonemically by the time they reach kindergarten.
In one study, most of them had IQ’s of 120 or above, and almost all of the children had a parent or relative taking special interest in them (Elkind, 7).

4.    Most children can learn to read if problems are detected by first
       grade and the proper early interventions are implemented.
If a child does not receive help by age nine, he or she will respond more poorly to reading instructions (Lyon, 2).

Young girl coloring

6.     Most reading problems are identified when a child tries to
       read out loud.
Reading is usually hesitant and the child will attempt to sound out unfamiliar words. When asked about the meaning of what was just read, he or she will have little or nothing to say (Birken, 27).

7.     Often, bilingual children learn languages during early
Children who are learning two languages at the same time develop both languages in a similar developmental sequence as children who speak only one language. However, if a child has more exposure to one language than to the other, he or she will have a stronger vocabulary in that language (Cruzado, 22).

9.     Research shows that if a school-age student stops reading
         for a summer, they may lose a month or more of progress
        they learned in school.
Governor Bush has implemented the Family Literacy Initative to help parents recognize that reading should be encouraged and enforced at home (Fiore, 19).

10.   If a reading problem is identified early, and the proper
        intervention is applied, 90-95% of children "at risk" for reading
       failure will become fluent readers
(Birken, 27).

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