Ancient Corinth was first inhabited between 5000 BC and 3000 BC, but was destroyed in 146 BC by the Romans. Before its destruction it was a thriving city. In fact, Ancient Corinth was one of the largest, most powerful and wealthiest cities of Ancient Greece and was the major exporter of black figure pottery until the middle of the 6th century. This pottery featured mythical scenes and portraits. The city of Corinth, Greece is located on the Canal of Corinth, the isthmus that connects the Peleponnesus to the Greek mainland (Corinth).
During is peak, Corinth was a leading maritime power. Its geographical location allowed it access to the Peloponnesus and pretty much the entire country of Greece and other Mediterranean countries. Most of Corinth's wealth was accumulated through trade. This wealth lead to influence and this influence caused Corinthian culture to spread throughout the entire ancient world (Methuen).
Corinth was one of the first commercial centers in Greece to use coins. Not only were these coins used in trade, but they symbolized the importance and prominence of the Corinthians. Symbols appearing on these coins include weapons and animals. Bellerophon, the Corinthian mythical hero, and the horse Pegasus also appeared on the coins. The true meaning of these coins is unknown, but they provide an important look in to the culture of Ancient Corinth (Life of Ancient Corinth).
One of the most famous ruins in Corinth is the spring of Peirene. The spring was a tribute to the mythical figure Peirene who cried so much that the tears she shed for her dead son became a spring. The spring was said to be one of the favorite watering holes of Pegasus and was decorated with white marble. Another important landmark is the Temple of Apollo, which was deemed sacred and was used as a shelter for sacred objects and to store offerings for the deity. The Temple of Apollo featured Doric style architecture, which is simple in design with a large base and a sturdy top (Adkins).
From 1892-1906 the Archeological Society of Athens conducted excavations of the area. These excavations revamped the agora, temples, fountains, baths and other important areas of the ancient city. In fact, archeologists are still excavating these areas in attempts to restore them to their natural state (Ancient Corinth). Today Corinth is the second largest city in the Peloponnese. The Corinth Canal carries goods throughout the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas (Corinth).
Adkins, Lesley & Roy. Handbook to Life in Ancient Greece. Oxford Press.