Highway 64: Native Americans

Map showing Oklahoma's tribes
This handpainted map of Oklahoma shows the areas where different Eastern tribes of Native Americans lived when the state was known as Indian Territory. Today, Oklahoma has a high percentage of Native Americans in its population.

Tracing Native American history

At several points after it leaves North Carolina, 64 parallels the Trail of Tears, the route the Cherokee people marched when the U.S. government forced them west. The tribes made new homes for themselves in Indian Territory, which is now Oklahoma. 64 traverses the entire length of Oklahoma, encountering many sites relevant to Native American heritage. And in New Mexico, living cities and mysterious ruins speak to the past and present of America's indigenous people.

The following places along 64 are good places to learn about Native American history. The links vary greatly in depth, but all will help visitors confirm the locations and other basics about various sites. Text links will take you to descriptions of these places within this site. External links, which will open in a new browser window, will take you directly to other Web sites about the attractions.

Fort Raleigh National Historic Site, N.C. (text)
Pink Palace Museum, Tenn.
Parkin Archaeological State Park, Ark.
Fort Smith National Historic Site, Ark.
Sequoyah’s Home, Okla.
Pawnee Bill Home, Okla.
Thomas Gilcrease Museum, Okla.
Taos Pueblo, N.M.
Chaco Culture National Historic Park, N.M.
Aztec Ruins National Monument, N.M.
Reservations near Ship Rock