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  1. Barger, Michelle (2003). Will and Grace: Are They Changing Your Mind?Island Waves .
  2. Buxton, Rodney A. (1990). Sexual Orientation and Television.
  3. Cooper, Emily (2003, September 11). Opinions Vary on social effects of homosexuals in media [Testimonial]. Iowa State Daily .
  4. Cory, Donald Webster (1951). Homosexual in America . New York: New York Times Company.
  5. Fone, Byrne (2000). Homophobia . New York: Henry Holt & Company.
  6. Funk, Brian (2000). Gay Representation on Fiction and Non-Fiction Television Programs. Queer Studies Webring, Reel.com.
  7. Inaccurate and Overly Hostile Stereotypes. International Online Training Program on Intractable Conflict. Conflict Research Consortium, University of Colorado.
  8. The Meaning and Significance of Stereotypes in Popular Culture. Popular Culture: An Introductory Text.
  9. Montgomery, Kathryn C. (1989). Target: Prime Time, Advocacy Groups and the Struggle over Entertainment Television. New York: Oxford University Press.
  10. Netzhammer, Emile C. & Shamp, Scott A, (1994). Guilt by Association: Homosexuality and AIDS on Prime-Time Television. In Jeffrey Ringer (Ed.), Queer Words, Queer Images , 91. New York: New York University.
  11. Paul, Annie Murphy (1998). Where Bias Begins: The Truth About Stereotypes. Psychology Today .
  12. Sailer, Steve (1994). Why Lesbians Aren't Gay: From “Pervert” to “Victim” The Media's Continued One Dimensional Stereotyping of Homosexuals. National Review .
  13. Seidman, Steven (2002). Beyond the Closet: The Transformation of Gay and Lesbian Life . New York: Routledge.
  14. Wyatt, David A. (2002). Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual Television Characters. Umanitoba, CA.
  15. Wilke, Michael (2003). Making the Ad World Safe for Gays. Television Week , v22, i35, p8(5).
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