notable geniuses
 

According to the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, geniuses make up less than 0.01 percent of the population. Click on any name to find out more about these great minds.

Albert Einstein Marie Curie Sir Isaac Newton Stephen Hawking WolfgangAmadeusMozart Leonardo da Vinci

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Albert Einstein (March 14, 1879 - April 15, 1955)

  • Place of Birth: Ulm, Germany
  • Best Known For:
      • The Theory of Relativity
      • Winning the Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the photoelectric effect.
  • Did you Know:
      • Einstein wrote a letter to President Roosevelt in 1939 urging that the Germans may be creating an enormously powerful bomb using atomic chain reactions in uranium.
      • Einstein was offered the Israeli presidency in 1952, but declined the offer so he could spend more time on his work.

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einstein
Photo Courtesy of Smithsonian
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Marie Curie (November 7, 1867 – July 4, 1934)

  • Place of Birth: Warsaw, Poland
  • Best Known For:
      • Discovering the radioactive elements in radium and polonium.
      • Winning the Nobel Prize for physics in 1903 with her husband Pierre Curie and Antoine Becquerel.
      • Winning the Nobel Prize again in 1911 for chemistry. She was the first scientist to receive the award into different scientific categories.
  • Did You Know:
      • Curie is the first woman to win the Nobel Prize.
      • Her constant exposure to radioactive material is believed to have contributed to her leukemia and her death.
      • Many of Curie’s notebooks are still radioactive and kept in protective chambers.
      • Curie’s daughter Irene won the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1935.
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marie curie Photo Courtesy of BBCi
 
 
 
 

Sir Isaac Newton December 25, 1642 – March 20, 1727)

  • Place of Birth: Woolsthorpe, England
  • Best known for:
      • The theory of universal gravitation.
      • The three laws of motion, which state for very action there is an opposite and equal reaction.
      • Inventing the branch of mathematics known as calculus.
  • Did You Know:
      • Newton was an extremely paranoid physicist and was reluctant to share his research with anyone because he didn't want anyone to take credit for his ideas.
      • Newton was very reclusive and when he wasn't working out another mathematical theorem, he was constantly studying Christianity to mathematically prove that the Holy Trinity could not exist.
      • Voltaire was the first person to document a falling apple is what inspired Newton gravitational theory. Voltaire cited Newton’s niece at the source for the story.
newton
Photo Courtesy ofBBCi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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Leonardo da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519)

  • Place of Birth: Vinci, Italy
  • Best known for:
      • Starting the High Renaissance and changing the way artists depict emotion.
      • His 1506 painting the “Mona Lisa” that he kept with him for the remainder of his life.
  • Did you know:
      • Leonardo often perform autopsies on corpses to further his knowledge of physiology and anatomy, ridiculing other artists renditions of the human body.
      • He is thought to be the originator of hydraulics and inventor of the hydrometer.
leonardo da vinci
Photo Courtesy Smithsonian
 
 

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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1956 – December 5, 1791)

  • Place of Birth: Salzburg Austria
  • Best known for:
      • His strides the world of classical music, especially his comic operas “The Marriage of Figaro,” “Don Giovanni,” “The Magic Flute” and “Cosi fan Tutte.”
  • Did You Know:
      • Mozart began composing music when he was six years old and viewed as a miracle of nature by Johann Sebastian Bach.
      • Mozart’s behavior was often erratic and unpredictable.He had a penchant for trashing hotels rooms and a severe detest of cleaning. After he trashed his hotel room, he refused to clean and just rent another.
      • On the night of Mozart’s burial, the gravediggers got a little intoxicated and forgot where they buried the body. On the anniversary of Mozart’s death, hundreds of people sprinkle roses all over the massive cemetery hoping one will land on the unmarked grave.
mozart
Photo Courtesy BBCi
 
hawking
Photo Courtesy BBCi

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Stephen Hawking (January 5, 1942- )

  • Place of Birth: Oxford, England
  • Best known for:
      • His work in the field of cosmology.
      • His theory that black holes evaporate over time and eventually disappear.
  • Did You Know:
      • Hawking has suffered from Lou Gehrig’s disease since the 1960s. Although he cannot speak and is almost completely paralyzed, the diseases has not affected his mind and Hawking continues to produce books, films and lectures about his work.
      • Hawking holds the Lucasian professors of mathematics position at Cambridge University in England, the same position held by Sir Isaac Newton.
 
 

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