machine intelligence? Can computers think for themselves?
A.M. Turing, mathematician, code breaker, philosopher and one
of the founders of computer science, postulated a paper in the
1950 edition of "Mind" that set the bar for determining
whether a computer can be regarded by another human being as intelligent.
Intelligence, in the fundamental human sense, can be defined as
the ability to solve problems, especially unusual or unknown problems.
Various sociological studies have established that intelligence
cannot be merely defined by one's ability to surmount a new puzzle
Definitions for intelligence have been categorized in myriad of
contemporary sociological situations - one's artistic and creative
abilities, interpersonal skills, linear and non-linear thinking,
spatial reasonings, writing ability, mathematical aptitude and
Essentially, Alan Turing intended to explore the question of how
a digital computer might achieve an "intelligence" by
its ability to fool our intelligence within a
He wrote: "It is proposed that a machine may be deemed intelligent,
if it can act in such a manner that a human cannot distinguish
the machine from another human merely by asking questions via
a mechanical link."
In English, that pretty much means a machine would demonstrate
human-level intelligence, therefore passing Turing's Test by overcoming
The players: A computer, a human foil and a judge. By talking
about a wide range of subjects that include art, science, nature
and personal experience, the judge tries to tell who's who - man
or machine. To fool the judge is to pass the test.