Milestones of the '60s
The Civil Rights
Movement in the United States began in the late 1950s and resulted
in the first monumental equal-rights legislation for blacks since
Reconstruction in the late 1800s.
In February 1960, four black students from North Carolina A&T
State University sat themselves at the Woolworth’s lunch counter
in Greensboro, N.C. The counter was segregated, and they were denied
service. Instead of leaving, they sat at the counter until the counter
was closed. They and about 20 students returned the next day and
were denied service again.
The efforts of the Greensboro Four, as they were called, inspired
similar non-violent protests across the South. Ultimately, six months
later, all of Woolworth’s stores were integrated.
Born in 1925 in Decatur, Miss., Medgar Evers was a field secretary
for the NAACP.
After his marriage to Myrlie Beasley in 1951, Evers worked as an
agent in Mound Bayou, Miss., and applied for and was denied
admission to the University of Mississippi Law School. Evers and
his wife moved to Jackson, Miss., where he was instrumental in helping James
Meredith get admitted to the University of Mississippi. Evers
and his wife were active in fighting segregation and establishing
NAACP chapters. Evers was assassinated on June 12, 1963, as he was
returning home. The accused killer, Byron De La Beckwith, stood trial
twice in the 1960s, but both ended with hung juries. A third trial
in 1994 led to De La Beckwith’s conviction of murder.
Long revered as one of the most influential moments of The Civil
Rights Movement, this was the outlet for Martin Luther King Jr.’s "I
Have A Dream" speech on Aug. 28, 1963.
It is estimated that more than a quarter million people converged
together near the Lincoln Memorial to participate in a show of solidarity
against segregation and to promote equal rights.
Street Baptist Church bombing
Four girls — Addie Mae Collins, Cynthia Wesley, Denise McNair
and Carole Robertson — attending Sunday school were killed when
a bomb exploded at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church on Sept.
15, 1963. Justice for the girls’ deaths was slow. Three
people were convicted – one in 1977; another in 2001 and
the last in 2002.
Many more events occurred during the 1960s, including the assassination
Martin Luther King Jr.and Malcolm
Test your knowledge of key
events in the Civil Rights Movement.