Krystal Zook, author of Color by Fox rationalizes the images of Sheneneh, Mrs. Payne, Gina and Pam as gender-fuck when the sex of the character is humiliated on the show Martin. Sheneneh is the "ghetto/roundaway girl" that wears excessive jewelry, with a huge buttocks that speaks in ebonics.    
    These four representations of black women illustrates the struggles over how the public defines black woman. Mrs. Payne is famous for "going on off" in defense of her son whether the accusations are true or false, but she has been known to become emotionally distraught and to fall out and break into spontaneous somersaults.
    Looking at the 1993-1994 season, nearly all of the episodes suggested that women were sexual objects to be displayed and ogled.  Manu would agree that there is a "natural " and instinctive need for women to possess and control their lovers. In one particular episode, Martin requests that Gina gets a make-over before attending his high class reunion and then says "You are my trophy girl." This negative portrayal of black women as eye-candy or for show only, perpetuates the idea that black women primarily concerned with their outward appearance. In result, black men tend not to look past a women's phyical appearance and seek her talent, personality and intelligence first. This is a reflection of society's old saying "brains over beauty."
 
    Secondly, another common occurrence that berated Martin's character is the constant whining and crying to his mother as if he was and adolescent boy. His actions proved that he was not assertive enough to handle situations head on without complaining first. It shows a lack of confidence and competence in his manhood.
 



Soul-singing, music composer, producer, instrumentalist, R. Kelly is once again in the news for allegedly having sex with minors.  However, Kelly denies the existence of the tape.  In contrast, Kelly has been notoriously known for writing sultry ballads like " "Feelin' on Your Booty" "Sex Me" and " The Greatest Sex" and then "Trading My Life" and "I Believe I Can Fly." Initially he was well-respected by mainstream America as a multi-talented artist, but with the drastic change in genre of music from secular to inspirational, it is too overwhelming for the public to handle.
    Even though Kelly denies all charges against him, the tape's existence and having sex with minors period, his image as a sex mogul prior to allegations hinders his credibility. If the public was not aware of his illegal marriage to the late R&B princess, Aaliyah, who was then 15 years old in 1994, then maybe the public would be more understanding and less accusing.  His image is now backfiring and plays a key role with his allegations.
   
 






Aunt Jemima has been known as the "cultural touchtone"
 of political and social change since she embraced the advertising industry in 1893. Origianally depicted by Nancy Green and created by Christ Rutt with Davis Milling Co., her smiling face and delicious pancakes received an outcry during the 1950's and 1960's because she favored the image of  a "Mammy," an image that black women no longer wanted to be affiliated with. Even the name Aunt Jemima is highly symbolic and has negative connotations. The term "aunt" as used to refer to an elderly black woman during the early 1800's. This image eludes back to the days of slavery and later sharecropping where women were dealt the unfortunate job as a servant or a domestic for a white family, humbly.  Blacks were were defined and influenced by black cooks and chefs and that " blacks become enmeshed in the folklore in America as the ultimate experts in cookery. Thus years have passed, however the image remains...and it is a reoccurrence of an atrocious past of inequality and disenfranchisement regardless of social class, financial stability, or age.







Uncle Ben's Rice was named after a rice farmer in Houston, Texas whose rice crop one numerous awards for its high quality in 1940. Many African-Americans objected to the picture and name of this product because of the context "uncle" was in--a southern form of address first used with older enslaved men since they were denied the use of courtesy titles.

The Warner Brothers, show Living Single  was created by Yvette Browser as  reflection of her life, depicts the negative "desperation theme," which is based on the market-driven theory that black audiences appreciate regressive representation of women that can be attributed to Terry McMillan's best selling 1992 novel Waiting to Exhale .