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Navran Model

The creator of the decision-making model devised a six-step plan to reflect the natural decision process of humans:

  1. Define the problem
  2. Identify available alternatives
  3. Evaluate the alternatives
  4. Make the decision
  5. Implement the decision
  6. Evaluate the decision

Ethical decisions are made by applying series of "PLUS" filters to steps 1, 3 and 6.

  • P=Policies - is it consistent with organization guidelines?
  • L=Legal - is it within the scope of the law?
  • U=Universal - does it conform to values of my organization?
  • S=Self - does it satisfy my personal definition of what is right and fair?

While this may not guarantee an ethical decision, it will ensure ethical components are taken into consideration.

Potter Box Model
Navran Model
Codes of Ethics
Test Yourself