American Flag

 

American Parade with large flag

 

 

 

Girls at beach

 

 

 

Orphan Children to be sterilized

 

 

 

 

 

Troop 77 - Boy Scouts

 

The, perceived, problem was the degradation of America's gene pool by immigrants and "defectives." The popular solution was sterilization. While some researchers' advocated euthanasia and even genocide, those measures were never accepted into the mainstream American eugenics movement.

Sterilization began in the prison system of Indiana in 1907. A law was passed that allowed for the involuntary sterilization of inmates. The law extended to cover all "wards of the state," and those "maintained wholly or in part by public expense," to include "feebleminded, insane, criminalistic, epileptic, inebriate, diseased, blind, deaf; deformed; and dependent." Also included on the list were "orphans, ne'er-do-wells, tramps, the homeless and paupers." (Dolan) Virginia passed similar laws in an effort to ease the tax burden placed on the state by wards of insane asylums and prisons. Sterilization, however, did not receive widespread support until the late 1920s.
Henry Laughlin, superintendent of the Station for Experimental Evolution at Cold Spring Harbor, in N.Y., was a huge advocate for sterilization and made it his mission to bring sterilization in to the mainstream of the movement. A eugenics sterilization law that he proposed later became the model for sterilization laws in 12 states and also served as a model for the Nazis. (Dolan)
In 1933 the Nazi government passed a "Law for the Prevention of Congenitally Ill Progeny," allowing for the involuntary sterilization of over 35,000 people. Laughlin was so proud, that Germany had followed suite, he translated the law into English and posted it in several eugenics journals. Laughlin, along with five other Americans, was later awarded an honorary degree from the University of Heidelberg for his work in eugenics. (Coutts)
By 1924 more than 3,000 people had been involuntarily sterilized in the U.S. In 1927 the case of Buck v. Bell set a new precedent for eugenics law and was perhaps one of the saddest stories of the movement. Carrie Buck was a 17-year-old girl who lived in Charlottesville, Virginia. She was chosen as the first to test the new Virginia sterilization law. Her mother had been committed to the Virginia Colony for the Epileptic and feebleminded. Carrie was in the care of foster parents and had a child, but was unmarried. The state claimed that Carrie was unfit to reproduce because she was "feebleminded," a trait she shared with her mother, and promiscuous.

The state set out to convict Carrie and used any means necessary to do it. Dr. Albert Priddy, the Colony superintendent, testified against Carrie saying "These people belong to the shiftless, ignorant, and worthless class of anti-social whites of the South."
Harry Laughlin sent a letter reaffirming the claims of Priddy as to the defective nature of the Bucks, though he had never met either of them. Arthur Estabrook traveled to Virginia to testify against the Bucks and upon examination of carries baby concluded that the baby was "below average." On this testimony the judge concluded that Carrie was unfit to reproduce and should be sterilized before she had anymore "defective" children. (Dolan)
The courts formal opinion was issued by Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. "It is better for all the world, if instead of waiting to execute degenerate offspring for crime or to let them starve for their imbecility, society can prevent those who are manifestly unfit from continuing their kind…Three generations of imbeciles are enough." (Dolan) Carrie was sterilized and the case had set a precedent in eugenics law.

The worst part of the story is that recent research shows that Carrie was not promiscuous, "feebleminded," or the mother of a "below average" baby. Carries child was not a product of licentious behavior, but rape by a relative of her foster parents. As for being "feebleminded"; Carries 1st grade report card showed her to be a "B" student. It has also been discovered that Carrie's attorney conspired, with the state, against her. The examination performed by Estabrook has also been brought to light as a sham. (Dolan)
Carrie's case was not the only tragedy of the ignorance and bigotry of the movement. The sterilization of "defectives" continued into the mid-1970s. The total number of people sterilized in the U.S. is above 60,000. Most of these were innocent people whose only crime was not being able to stand up for themselves.
The American eugenics movement served as a model for which the Nazi party based its "racial hygiene" program. Between 360,000 and 375,000 people were sterilized under the Nazi party. (Weaver) The "racial hygiene" program was followed by the "final solution." The "final solution" to the "Jewish problem" was decided to be extermination.
During the reign of the Nazi party more than 5,900,000 Jews were murdered and they got the idea from us.


Nazi Flag

 

 

 

 

 

Nazi parade with large flag

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Limbs of Jews used in Nazi experiments

 

 

 

 

 

Mass grave at  Bergen-Belsen concentration camp

 

 

 

 

Chilfren experimented on by Nazis

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