cotland, along with England, Northern Ireland and Wales, make up the United Kingdom. Scotland has a historical spirit of nationalism however and many Scottish people resent being called "English" or even "British" and instead prefer the name of their country.


Scotland is 31,510 sq. miles in area; it is 274 miles long from North to South and varies in breadth between 24 and 154 miles.

Physical Characteristics

Scotland is divided into three regions: the Highlands, the Midland Valley and the Southern Uplands. Scotland includes 787 islands, of which most belong to groups known as the Hebrides, Orkney and Shetland. Only 62 exceed three square miles in area. Scotland is known for its beauty, with breathtaking mountains and thousands of lochs or lakes throughout the country.


Just over 5 million people


In 1999, Scotland elected a parliament for the first time in 300 years. They meet in Edinburgh and have limited ability to make laws. Scotland also elects members to the British Parliament in London that has supreme power over all of Britain.

Scotland also has its own legal system, judiciary and an education system that differs from those found in England and Wales.

Scotland has its own banking system and banking notes as well.



St. Andrew Cross The Scottish flag is the cross of St. Andrew, also known as the Saltire. It dates from the 12th century, and is thought to be one of the oldest national flags of any country in the world.


Royal Flag of Scotland The second flag associated with Scotland is the "Rampant Lion" or Royal Flag of Scotland. Since Scotland does not have its own monarchy, it should now only be used by the Britsih monarch. However, it is widely used as a second national flag.