cotland has many famous men and women who have contributed to both Scotland and the rest of the world. Here is a list of the most well known individuals.
Graham Bell (1847 - 1922)
Bell was born in Edinburgh and later immigrated to the USA. He is most famous for his invention of the telephone in 1876.
the Bruce (1274 - 1329)
legendary Bruce was crowned King of Scotland in 1306 and later secured
Scottish independence when he defeated the English King Edward at Bannockburn
in 1314. He is considered one of Scotland's heroes.
Burns (1759 - 1796)
National Poet was born in Alloway, and wrote many famous works such as
Auld Lang Syne. Today, this song is sung around the world every
new year. Burns is celebrated by the Scottish though "Burns Night"
every January 25.
Carnegie (1835 - 1918)
born in Dunfermline, he later moved to the USA and became an iron and
steel millionaire and a great philanthropist. Part of his fortune was
given to Scotland and used for education and 10,000 church organs.
Connery (1930 - )
This actor is best known for his role as the British agent, James Bond. He has been in many other films, such as The Untouchables and won as Oscar for Hunt for Red October.
Arthur Conan Doyle (1859 - 1930)
in Edinburgh, Doyle wrote about Sherlock Holmes and his adventures. Besides
his writing career, he graduated from the Edinburgh University in medicine
and practiced both in Edinburgh and aboard a ship in the Boer War.
Alexander Fleming (1881 - 1955)
famous Scot accidentally discovered the world's first antibiotic drug
Penicillin when mold was allowed to grow on a bacterial culture. He was
later knighted for his accomplishment and received the Nobel Prize in
Mary Queen of Scots (1542-1587)
famous Scottish queen inherited the crown when she was only six days old.
Securing the Scottish-French alliance, she married the French crown prince
and became Queen of France until her husband's death. Mary later gave
birth to James VI of Scotland, who became James I of England when he ascended
to the English throne in 1603 following Queen Elizabeth's death. In an
interesting twist, before her son became King of England, Mary was executed
by Queen Elizabeth, who was also her cousin.
the defeat of the Jacobite uprising, and its leader "Bonnie"
Prince Charlie (Charles Edward Stuart, the Young Pretender),Charles was
forced into hiding and had to escape dressed as a woman. MacDonald and
another Scottish patriot helped bring Charles across Scotland and safely
to France. She was later tried as a traitor and imprisoned in the Tower
Paul Jones- (1747-1792)
famous Scot from Kirkbean is considered the Father of the U.S. Navy. He
helped the American colonies in their fight for Independence from the
English. Jones famously uttered the phrase, "I have not yet begun
Walter Scott (1771 - 1832)
This famous Scottish author was born and educated in Edinburgh. He helped to mold Scottish national pride by publishing the Waverley Novels. These historical novels include Ivanhoe (1791) and Rob Roy (1817). He was also a translator and a biographer of Napoleon.
famous philosopher and professor at the University of Glasgow, Smith is
remembered for his book Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth
of Nations (1776). Today it is considered one of modern history's
most important books, and Smith is referred to as the founder of economics.
Louis Stevenson (1850 - 1894)
famous author from Edinburgh, his works include Treasure Island
(1883), Kidnapped (1886) and The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and
Mr Hyde (1886). Trying to escape a lifetime history of poor health,
he traveled a lot and eventually died in Samoa.
Wallace (1274 - 1305)
famous Scottish defender crushed the English army at the Battle of Stirling
Bridge. Shortly after his death, Robert the Bruce re-established Scotland's
independence. Wallace's life is dramatized in the movie Braveheart