|1436||Johannes Gutenberg debuts printing press in germany.|
|1790||US copyright Act establishes basic parameters of copyright in United states.|
|1841||Folsom v. Marsh introduces doctrine of fair use.|
|1844||Samuel Morse transmits first message by telegraph, from Washinton,DC, to Baltimore.|
|1857||Transatlantic cable, laid by Cyrus W. Field and John Pender, connects US and Europe.|
|1876||Alexander Graham Bell demonstrates telephone in US.|
|1877||Thomas Edison records and plays "Mary Had a Little Lamb" on a tinfoil cylinder phonograph.|
|1894||Guglielmo Marconi transmits wireless telegraph signals.|
|1905||Jukebox is introduced.|
|1909||US Copyright Act revised to address media categories beyond literature, especially music.|
|1931||Alan Blumlein invents stereo audio recording.|
|1948||Columbia Records introduces 33 1/3-rpm 12-inch vinyl LP.|
|1949||Jay Forrester at MIT invents magnetic computer memory.|
|1951||Nagra's Stephan Kudelski develops a portable audiotape recorder.|
|1952||Recording industry Association of America is founded to represent interests of record companies.|
|1956||- Prerecorded, stereo, open-reel audio tapes hit market.
- BM markets RAMAC 305 hard disc drive, which stores 5 Mbytes on 50 disks 2 feet wide.
|1958||Stereophonic records are introduced.|
|1963||Philips demonstrates compact audiocassette.|
|1965||Eight-track audiotape cartridges developed by William Lear.|
|1971||Project Gutenberg begins digitizing major literary works.|
|1972||Intel introduces 8008 CPU running at 200 KHz.|
|1973||FTP specification is developed for uploading and downloading digital files between nodes on a network.|
|1975||First personal computer developed, the MITS Altair 8800.|
|1976||- Intel 8085 CPU runs at 5 MHz.
- US Robotoics markets PhoneLink 300, a modem that operates at 300 baud.
|1979||Walkman portable audiocassette player introduced by Sony.|
|1982||- Philips and Sony introduce CD digital audio format.
- Intel 80286 processor runs at 6, 10, and 12 MHz, processing 16-bit rather than 8-bit words.
|1984||- Apple introduces Macintosh computer.
- Number of internet host exceeds 1,000.
- Philips and Sony develop CD-ROM fromat with 650-Mbyte capacity.
- Motorola 68020 CPU runs at 16 MHz.
- Sony introduces Discman portable CD player.
|1985||- US Robotics Courier 2400 modem operates at 2400 bps.
- AOL goes online.
- Microsoft releases Windows 1.0.
|1987||- DAT is introduced in Japan.
- Number of internet hosts exceeds 10,000.
- Fraunhofer Institute begins work on new audio codec, later formalized as
|1988||AT&T installs first trans-atlantic fiber-optic cable.|
|1989||- Number of Internet hosts exceeds 100,000.
- Barry Shein founds World.std.com, which soon becomes the first commercial dialup ISP.
|1992||- Number of Internet hosts exceeds 1 million.
- US Robotics Sportster 14,400 fax modem operates at 14.4 Kbps.
- US Congress enacts Audio Home Recording Act.
- The Moving Picture Experts Group approves MPEG-1 video and audio data-compression spec, including Audio Layer 3, or MP3.
|1993||Intel Pentium CPU runs at 66 MHz.|
|1994||- Under the name Netscape Communications, Marc Andreessen and
Jim Clark release Navigator 1.0.
- Rob Glaser founds Progressive Networks (renamed RealNetworks in 1997).
- US Robotics ships 28.8-Kbps modem.
- MPEG finalizes MPEG-2 spec for video and audio data compression.
|1995||- Progressive Networks releases RealAudio 1.0.
- @Home Network is founded to provide broadband Net access via cable modem.
|1996||MCI upgrades Net backbone, adding 13,000 ports and boosting effective speed from 155 Mbps to 622 Mbps.|
|1997||- David Bowie releases five tracks in RealAudio 3.0 format.
- US Robotics ships 56-Kbps modems.
- MP3.com founded by Michael Robertson.
- Audible Inc. ships Audible MobilePlayer.
|1998||- Microsoft releases Windows Media Player.
- Diamond Multimedia announces Rio PMP 300 potable MP3 audio player.
- RIAA applies for temporary restraining order to halt shipment of Rio PMP300.
- US District Court for Central District of California allows Diamond Multimedia to ship Rio PMP300.
- MPEG approves preliminary version of MPEG-4.
- RealNetworks releases RealSystem G2.
- Intel Pentium II Xeon processor runs at 450 MHz.
- US Congress passes Digital Millennium Copyright Act.
- RIAA announces Secure Digital Music Initiative.
|1999||- Audible begins offering MP3-encoded content.
- Intel Pentium III Xeon processor runs at 550 MHz.
- IBM unveils Madison Project, a digital audio-distribution platform.
- Microsoft releases Windows Media Technologies.
- RealNetworks acquires Xing Technology, pioneer in MPEG streaming.
- RealNetworks releases RealJukebox.
- Universal Music partners with InterTrust to develop technology for selling music online.
- Hollywood motion picture premiers on Net-available for 3 days only.
|2000||- MPEG approves MPEG-4 spec.
- TiVo delivers a Diamond Rio for television programming.
|2001||Motion Picture Association of America proposes the Secure Digital Motion Picture Initiative to create a downloadable-video file format that incorporates copyright protection.|
|2002||MPEG approves MPEG-7 encompassing multimedia search, filtering, management, and processing.|
|2003||- Handheld wireless Net radios receive streaming audio on demand.
- Handheld wireless TVs use cheap LCD screens to deliver streaming video on demand.
|2004||Chinese film students crack Paramount's intranet and post entire contents to Beijing University server. For 79 hours, Net users have free access to streaming 800-Kbps MPEG-2 versions of innumerable movie classics.|
|2008||- New codecs deliver HDTV resolution on Net.
- Cable modems and DSL phone services achieve 50 percent penetration in US.
|2009||ABC debuts a Net-only soap opera, aimed at office workers.|
|2016||Interactive sitcom My.Friends grips nation.|