There are a wide variety of tools editors use at the rim. Most newsrooms tossed out their typewriters 10 years age. In the old days, page designers spent a lot of time drawing boxes(to show where photos,graphics and logos went) and lines(to show where text went). Today, reporters and editors use computers to type, edit, file stories, fit headlines and search databases.

But pencils, rulers, calculators and the proportional wheel are still handy in a newsroom. The pencil, which is used for drawing dummies and editing copy. Designers who draw page dummies with pens are just showing off. A grease pencil, which is used for drawing crop marks on photos, can be easily rubbed off with a cloth.

On the left is a "Pica" ruler, which helps an editor measure type, photos and graphics by picas or inches.

On the right is a "Proportional Wheel," which is used to calculate proportions. For instance, if a photo is 5 inches wide and 7 inches deep, how deep will it be if you enlarge it to 8 inches wide? Using a proprtional wheel can show you instantly. But as typewriters went out 10 years ago, along with it followed the proportional wheel -- replaced by the computer.

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This web site was created by Greg Burnett
Last updated December 3, 1998
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