Step by Step Picture Taking

Step 1: Set your ISO

The ISO is equivalent to the film speed. Most cameras have the options: 100, 200, 400, 800, 1,600. The higher the number, the more sensitive the film. 100 and 200 are for taking pictures in bright areas and outdoors. 800 and 1,600 are for taking pictures in darker areas and indoors. 400 is for anything in between.

Step 2: Set the White Balance (WB)

The white balance lets you select the type of conditions you will be shooting in. You can choose from daylight, tungsten, florescent, cloudy, shade, custom, and flash.

It is best to change these settings before you arrive to where you are shooting in order to save time.

Step 3: Set the Aperture (f/stop)

The aperture controls the size of the opening of the lense. The larger the aperture, the more light you are letting in. This is controlled by the f/numbers that run in a series from the largest to the smallest. F/5.6, f/8, f/11, f/16 and f/22 are the most commonly used. This can sometimes get confusing since the smaller the f/stop means the larger the lense opening.

Step 4: Set the Shutter Speed

The shutter speed controls how long the curtain in the camera (the shutter) will stay open. The longer the shutter speed, the more light will reach the film at any given aperture size. Common shutter speeds are: 1,000th of a second, 500th of a second, 250th of a second, 125th of a second, 60th of a second, and 30th of a second.

Step 5: Compose Picture

Once you have selected the appropriate settings for the situation then position yourself, your camera, and/or the subject in a way that demonstrates good composition.

Step 6: Focus

Sharp objects are happy objects, so make sure your subject is in focus. To make it easy on yourself, you can use auto focus. Make sure the auto focus is on. Then, when you get ready to take the picture, press the shutter half-way (which will auto focus it).

Step 7: Push Shutter

I think you can figure this one out.