John N. Mitchell

A former U.S. Attorney General, Mitchell served as director of Nixon's 1966 and 1972 election campaigns. He was the first Attorney General to be convicted and imprisoned due to illegal activities.

John N. Mitchell was the person who evaluated the results of the first Watergate burglary and ordered the five men to return to fix wiretaps and photograph more documents.

Mitchell and Nixon met when there was a merger between their law firms. The two became friends and Nixon asked Mitchell to manage his election campaign. After Nixon successfully won the presidency in 1969, he appointed Mitchell to the position of Attorney General.

During his time as Attorney General, he was outspoken about his belief that the government was justified in restricting civil liberties to advance the "law and order" in the country. This included his advocacy of using wire taps in national security cases without court orders.

It was this type of belief that spurred him to help organize the break-in at the Watergate Complex. Tapes from Nixon's Oval Office and testimony during the trials established that he participated in meetings to plan the break-in. These sources also showed that he met with the president a minimum of three times in an effort to cover up the White House's involvement in the break-in.

Mitchell was sentenced to a maximum of 30 years in prison and $42,000 in fines. On Feb. 21, 1975, Mitchell was found guilty of conspiracy, obstruction of justice and perjury. He was sentenced to two and a half to eight years in prison.

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