The Six Day War
In June 1967, Israel reacted to Arab threats and the blockade of the Straits of Tiran by enacting the Six Day War. The war became a preemptive strike in order to avoid an immense attack on Israel by Syria, Jordan, and Egypt. Israel ordered the attack after Egyptian President Nasser ordered a concentration of Egyptian military forces in the Suez Canal zone and a naval blockade on the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping.
The Israeli military campaign ruined the air forces of Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Iraq. Israel also captured the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights, areas of great strategic value. By the time the war ended, Israel had tripled its size. The effects of the capture of these lands affect the politics in the region through to today. The victory came with high casualties, however, as 777 soldiers died and 2,586 were wounded.
The map above shows the 1967 cease-fire lines following the war. Click to enlarge it.