The 1947 Partition Plan
Britain controlled the area called Palestine. Britain attempted to arrange an agreement over partitioning the land that would be acceptable to both the Arabs and Jews living there. Arabs would not make concessions, so decision-making became difficult. Therefore, in February 1947, Britain turned the issue over the United Nations.
After the United Nations Special Commission On Palestine visited the area, the delegates from the 11 countries confirmed that the "conflicting national aspirations of Jews and Arabs could not be reconciled."
On November 29, 1947, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a partition plan for Palestine. The UN voted the resolution into place with a 33-13 vote and 10 abstentions.
The partition plan divided the land based solely on demographics. It looked like a checkerboard because Jewish towns were dispersed throughout Palestine. The plan granted the Galilee, in the north, and the Negev desert, in the south, to the Jews. The Arabs were granted the remaining land. Desert compromised about 60 percent of the land granted to the Jewish people. Also, no considerations were made for security when the land the UN allotted the land making the state's borders virtually indefensible.
The map above is of the United Nations' 1947 Partition Plan. Click to enlarge it.