Chattanooga, Tenn.
June 7-8, 1862

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In late Spring 1862, the Confederacy split its forces in Tenn. into several small commands in an attempt to complicate Federal operations. The Union had to redistribute its forces in response to the Confederate command structure changes. Maj. Gen. Ormsby Mitchel received orders for his division to repair railroads in the Huntsville, Ala. Soon, he occupied more than 100 miles along the Nashville & Chattanooga and Memphis & Charleston railroads.  In May, Mitchel and his men sparred with Maj. Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith's men. After Mitchel received command of all Federal troops between Nashville and Huntsville, on May 29, he ordered Brig. Gen. James Negley to lead an expedition to capture Chattanooga. This force arrived to Chattanooga on June 7. Negley ordered the 79th Pennsylvania Volunteers out to invertigate. It found the Confederates entrenched on the opposite side of the river along the banks and atop Cameron Hill. Negley brought up two artillery batteries to open fire on the Rebel troops and the town and sent infantry to the river bank to act as sharpshooters. The Union bombardment of Chattanooga continued throughout the 7th and until noon on the 8th. The Confederates attempted to defend themselves, but it was uncoordinated since the undisciplined gunners were allowed to do as they wished. On June 10, Smith, who had arrived on the 8th, reported that Negley had withdrawn and the Confederate loss was minor.  This attack on Chattanooga served as a warning for the Rebels that the Union troops could mount an attack at any time.

Result(s): Union victory

Location: Hamilton County and City of Chattanooga

Campaign: Confederate Heartland Offensive (1862)

Date(s) June 7-8, 1862

Principal Commanders: Brig. Gen. James Negley [US]; Maj. Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith [CS]

Forces Engaged: Division [US]; Department [CS]

Estimated Casualties: Total unknown (US unknown; CS 3)

 

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