What is the difference between a strike and a lockout?

     According to Barron's Legal Guides Law Dictionary, a strike is a concerted action or combined effort by a labor union designed to exert pressure on an employer to accede to certain demands.

     A lockout on the other hand, is the employer counterpart of a strike. In a lockout, the employer prevents the players from working in an effort to gain a better bargaining position in labor negotiations. A lockout may occur upon the expiration of a collective bargaining agreement.

     In this current situation, the NHL owners would lock out the players from 2004 training camp and possibly beyond if a sufficient labor arrangement, a revised collective bargaining agreement, is not reached. There has been no indication that the NHL Players Association plans to strike before the current CBA expires on September 14th, 2004.

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