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In 1972 President Richard Nixon signed Title IX of the Educational Amendment of 1972 stating that "no person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving Federal assistance."
Colleges and universities which receive federal aid are also subject to Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and must not discriminate on the basis of sex in their athletic programs. Compliance with Title IX could have a significant impact on college sports as administrators attempt to balance out the men's and women's sports programs.
Gender equity laws protect women's athletic programs from grades 7 through 12. There are eight different categories:
The Department of Education has made Gender Equity Disclosure Regulations associated with the Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act, which requires all coeducational institutions receiving federal aid to make public the revenues and expenditures of their sports programs, as well as other pertinent data on personnel, scholarships, and teams. For more on these regulations visit:
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